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Project Information
Project Title:  Aboriginal Birth Cohort (ABC) Project
Period:  from: 2012-03-01 to: 2013-02-28  
Principal Investigator(s): Anand, Sonia Savitri  
Co-Investigators: Anglin, Rebecca ; Beyene, Joseph ; Holloway, Alison Christine ; McDonald, Sarah Diana ; Meyre, David ; Miller, Ruby ; Morrison, Katherine Mary ; Paré, Guillaume ; Retnakaran, Ravi Rajan ; Teo, Koon Kang ; Wahi, Gita ; Wilson, Julie  
Supervisors:  
Previous Investigators/Supervisors:  
Institution: McMaster University  
Department: Medicine 
Program: Operating Grant - PA: First Nations, Inuit and Metis Health 
Assigned PRC: ABH 
Primary Institute: Indigenous Peoplesí Health 
Primary Theme: Social/Cultural/Environmental/Population Health 
Keywords: ABORIGINAL, BIRTH COHORT, CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CHILDHOOD OBESITY, DIABETES, GENETICS, GROSSESSE/ACCOUCHEMENT, METABOLISM/DIABETES, MÉTABOLISME/DIABÈTE, POPULATION HEALTH, PREGNANCY/BIRTH, SANTE DES POPULATIONS, SANTÉ DES POPULATIONS 
Abstract: Aboriginal people of Canada are a rapidly growing population. They suffer disproportionately high rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Recent information that shows that Aboriginal youth also have high rates of type 2 diabetes compared to white Caucasian youths in Canada. It is possible that the health characteristics of the pregnant mother including pregnancy weight gain and smoking during pregnancy affects the offspring's propensity to develop early type 2 diabetes in their youth. We propose to enrol 700 pregnant mothers and their offspring and collect detailed information on their diet, activity, tobacco exposure, social and genetic characteristics to determine if these are associated with birth weight, body fat, and the development of overweight, obesity and early signs of type 2 diabetes in the growing infant. This information will enable us to develop prevention strategies to try and stem the rise of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Aboriginal people of Canada. 

Funding Information
Fiscal Year Amount
2011-12 $100,000